[This article was originally published in Free Inquiry, summer 1990.]
When you think of saints, you envision stained-glass pictures of piety. But the truth can be horribly different. Consider Pope Pius V:
When he was Grand Inquisitor, he sent Catholic troops to kill 2,000 Waldensian Protestants in Calabria in southern Italy.
After becoming pope, he sent Catholic troops to kill Huguenot Protestants in France. He ordered the commander to execute every prisoner taken.
Pius also launched the final crusade against the Muslims, sending a Christian naval armada to slaughter thousands in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.
And he intensified the Roman Inquisition, torturing and burning Catholics whose beliefs varied from official dogma.
After his death, he was canonized a saint. He still is venerated by the church.
Or consider Saint Dominic, the king of torture. He founded the Dominican order, whose priests were judges of the Inquisition. They presided while screaming victims were twisted and ripped on fiendish pain machines until they confessed to thinking unorthodox thoughts. Then the Dominicans led the broken "heretics" in grand processions to the stake.
The priests also tortured thousands of women into confessing they were witches who had sex with Satan, changed themselves into animals, flew through the sky, caused storms, and the like. The "witches" also were burned for their confessions.
Or consider Saint Cyril, whose monks and followers beat to death the great woman scientist, Hypatia, director of the Alexandria Library, for her scientific approach to nature.
Or Saint Pedro Arbries, a Spanish inquisitor who tortured and burned former Jews for harboring their old beliefs. An ex-Jew assassinated him, and he was canonized as a martyr.
I was a newspaper church columnist for many years. Endlessly, I heard ministers proclaim that religion instills love and compassion in believers. It's a universal message. Meanwhile, back at the paper, our headlines said:
"Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs Massacre Each Other in India"
But Christians killed 3 million Jews during Europe's centuries of religious persecution, before Hitler secularized the process.
And the Reformation wars pitted Catholics and Protestants in a ghastly century of slaughter.
And the Third World today still sufferes bloodbaths caused by religious tribalism.
There's a tinge of the Twilight Zone in the constant declarations that religion creates love, when opposite results are everywhere.
Did religion make Saint Pius V loving as he killed Waldensians, Huguenots, Muslims and nonconforming Catholics?
Did it make the Ayatollah Khomeini compassionate as he ordered the hanging of Baha'is and demanded the assassination of a "blaspheming" British writer?
Did it make brotherhood in Lebanon, where religious tribes wreak endless warfare?
Religion always is hailed as the cure for the world's evils. But, too often, it's the problem, not the solution.
"Murder in the Name of Religion" is copyright © 1990 by James A. Haught. All rights reserved.
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